Volume VI, no. 2 - 2013 (16)

Rodica Matei, Editorial / Savca Victor

Abstract: This article is available in French only. Read more

Keywords: fara

1 - Joyce Slochower, Relational holding: Using Winnicott today / Savca Victor

Abstract: This essay reviews the place of the baby metaphor in relational thinking. The relational emphasis on mutuality (patient-as-adult) in the clinical encounter collided with models lodged in developmental metaphors and resulted in sharp critiques of the holding theme. Bringing my own Winnicottian / relational perspective to this critique, I proposed a view of holding that bridged the two models by exploring the analyst’s participation in establishing and maintaining a holding experience. Relational perspectives on holding have changed, as has my own view. I illustrate holding’s multiple incarnations with short and longer case vignettes. Read more

Keywords: coconstructed, holding, mutuality, relational, subjectivity, Winnicott

2 - Brînduşa Orăşanu, Do you speak French? – Non, je ne parle que l’Anglais. On pluralism and common ground / Savca Victor

Abstract: This article starts from observing the fact that there are similar clinical phenomena described in different psychoanalytic “theoretical languages” by authors belonging to different orientations. Concepts of projective identification and identification with the aggressor are provided as examples, their clinical description having a common core, also found in other notions, such as those of paradoxical system (M. de M’Uzan) or transference by reversal (R. Roussillon). The article’s title renders the idea that by listening to discourses in different psychoanalytic languages with a “third ear”, you can hear a part of common ground, emerging from the common clinical experience (Wallerstein) based upon the common method and setting (Green). In the case of the concepts mentioned, the common core takes shape through terms that designate psychic phenomena highlighted by means of countertransference; they involve reversal or inversion between passive and active, between subject and object, as well as transitionality between act and representation. Read more

Keywords: common ground, pluralism, projective identification, transference by reversal

3 - Daniela Luca, La psychanalyse de la transitionalité aujourd'hui - la créativité, la destructivité et la survivance de l'objet A la mémoire d'André Green / Savca Victor

Abstract: This article is available in French only. In this paper, the author proposes an illustration of the psychoanalytic theories on transitionality – from D. W. Winnicott to Didier Anzieu and René Roussillon, and especially on the importance of arranging the analytic frame when working with difficult patients (non-neurotic), according to ”the principles of transitional analysis”. Transitionality first implies a form of psychic functioning and inner reorganization – external to the world of the subject by interiorizing/ internalizing the subjective experience and the drive movements that determine it. The existence of transitional phenomena and processes, as well as the creation of a transitional space entail the acceptance of psychic paradoxes, the capacity to perform separation, mourning and melancholy work, they entail adequate relations to the object and the external reality, the development of the symbolization function, the readjustment of psychic representations (Ego, Superego, Ego Ideal), the creative and reflexive capacity etc. Read more

Keywords: intersubjectivity, paradoxical transference, psychic creativity, reflexiveness, transitional phenomena, transitional psychoanalysis

4 - Rodica Matei, Fonctionnement archaïque et cadre psychanalytique / Savca Victor

Abstract: This article is available in French only. Archaic functioning refers to psychic processes preceding primary processes specific to the developmental period in which there is no separation between body and psyche. This type of functioning is found through regressive dynamics in the psychoanalytic cure of the subject who suffers from addictive or psychosomatic pathology. The way in which the analyst looks or listens will be confronted with somatic or behavioural forms of expression, including the severe activation of basic needs that bring to discussion the classic psychoanalytic frame and the psychoanalyst’s neutrality as it requires an active response. This way a bodily impregnation of the affects is revealed which provides a new connotation to the concept of frame. Read more

Keywords: archaic process, bodily impregnation, corporality, precocious functioning, psychic space

5 - Gábor Szőnyi, On loving the profession: Which psychoanalysis do you love? What do you love and fear in psychoanalysis? / Savca Victor

Abstract: The author investigates questions such as: “Why do we choose psychoanalysis as our profession?”, “What motifs contribute to this choice?”, “Why is the relationship often passionate?” or: “which is in fact the object of our love?”. Expectation to recover from psychic suffering and obtainment of narcissistic gratifications are among those components. There are several options in which analysis could be misused, and we realize that analysis might have pathogenic potential – which entitles us to undergo personal analysis before starting the analytic practice. The author also discusses the pleasure and gratifications coming from the profession, and explores the role of honesty and self-analysis in the work of an analyst. Read more

Keywords: honesty, misuse of the method, motifs to become an analyst, narcissistic satisfactions, psychoanalysis as a profession, self-analysis, sublimated lov

6 - Roland Havas, Le psychanalyste, sa clinique et ses théories / Savca Victor

Abstract: This article is available in French only. No psychoanalyst can be immune to any theory, whether it is implicit or not. His theories or theoretizations are forgathered in the cure, throughout the analytic process. Useful to his activity, theories shouldn’t serve the analyst for “protecting against the experience of affects” (Freud). They shouldn’t function as a theoretical layer either. Only the subjectivity of the analyst is the one that allows the avoidance of these traps, bringing countertransference into play. Therefore, besides the plurality of theories, the unit of analytic practice is ensured by the transference-countertransference relationship. Three clinical vignettes shall illustrate this point of view of the author. Read more

Keywords: clinic, counter-transference, countertransference, dead mother, Oedipus, pluralism, theoretization, theory, trans-generational, transference, unit

7 - Cléopâtre Atanassiou-Popesco, L’apprentissage des limites. Quelles règles, pour quelle individuation? / Savca Victor

Abstract: This article is available in French only. Learning the limit doesn’t differ from the depressive position described by M. Klein: the baby’s, then the child’s acceptance of the barrier that separates him from his mother and that triggers in him the existence of a dependency on her. In this respect, this limit opposes the expansion of the child’s narcissism or his egotism. The limit, if integrated by the ego, allows him to accustom to reality, both the external and the internal one. But when it is ejected, denied, the child doesn’t step back from the delusional position of being the center of the universe. In this respect, the emergence of the limit establishes the existence of a Copernican revolution in the world of the child’s values. Read more

Keywords: depressive position, identity, limit, mourning, narcissistic-ego, reality-ego

8 - Marc Hebbrecht, The dream as a picture of the psychoanalytic process / Savca Victor

Abstract: “The dream as a picture of the process” gives an overview of the work that has been done during the psychoanalytic process. The dream is going to play a crucial role in the therapy or in the analysis. Its lucidity and transparency are characteristic. Although the patient doesn’t stress the importance of the dream during the session, he/she remembers them clearly and also later in the analysis or after termination, he/she doesn’t forget this central dream. This kind of dream has a special impact on the analyst. Although this type of dream may occur during every analytic process, it emerges frequently during psychotherapies with traumatized people or with people who suffer unresolved mourning. The author uses clinical material from his own work. The thawing of a frozen inner world is illuminated by a dream and linked to a shift in the countertransference. The second dream illustrates the mechanisation of an analysis. The last case demonstrates how changes in the process are portrayed by elaborations of the first analytic dream. In one of the dreams there is a visual representation of the unconscious comprehension of the analytic process. The other dream is a picture of the expansion of the inner space. Read more

Keywords: countertransference, dreams, frozen dream, psychoanalytic process

9 - Irena Talaban, La bouillie des noms / Savca Victor

Abstract: This article is available in French only. This paper addresses the problem of filiation and affiliation in the psychotherapy of a Jung pubescent exhibiting behaviour problems. Elyah is the only child of a mixed couple Judeo-Christian (father Ashkenazi and mother Catholic). The working hypothesis involves that individual identity cannot be built outside the registration of a person in a filiation, and any filiation is unthinkable outside affiliation (belonging to a cultural group, a collective identity). The universal meaning of the categories mother, father, child is understandable, in practice, only if taken in the discourse of a particular cultural group. The chaos of puberty (organic, psychological and social) imposes an approach through the multiples links. Read more

Keywords: affiliation, filiation, identity, miscegenation, name, trauma

10 - Radu Clit, Contradictions et evolution dans la definition de la latence / Savca Victor

Abstract: This article is available in French only. Defined by Freud as a consequence of “biological peacefulness”, latency has evolved, according to F. Guignard. The case of an 8-year-old little girl, placed in a specialized institution shows the difficulty of establishing this developmental phase. Her parents are separated and they are in conflict, and she suggests that her father used her as a sexual object. The girl shows, on the one hand, an excessive maturity, and on the other hand a regressive functioning, which reveals a splitting of the ego. In the end it turns out that the little girl was orchestrated by her mother. Her hatred towards her father is presented as such, as an effect of her negative Oedipus. The placement into the institution and the psychotherapeutic program allow her to diminish the idealization of the mother and the increase of coherence. The establishment of the latency period thus becomes possible. Dependent on the family context, latency remains a necessity for a child to be able to estrange himself from Oedipus. Read more

Keywords: hyper-maturity, institutional placement, negative Oedipus X psychotherapeutic monitoring, splitting of the ego

11 - Petruţa Gheorghe, Sullivan Revisited – Life and Work, by Marco Conci / Savca Victor

Abstract: “Sulivan Revisited – Life and Work”, by Marco Conci, is an extensive effort to lay down in a structured manner not only the life and work of Harry Stack Sullivan, but the obvious overdetermination between personal history, profession, work, quests, pursuits, and the atmosphere of those “terrible” times of research, development and innovation. Read more

Keywords: fara

13 - Ileana Botezat-Antonescu, Commentary on “On loving the profession: Which psychoanalysis do you love? What do you love and fear in psychoanalysis?” by Gábor Szőnyi / Savca Victor

Abstract: "Out of my mind" - meaning "I’m not in my right mind" made ​​me think forth to the conscious and unconscious levels of the complex process of loving – love... The next step is existent to an inevitable object of love. We could then rephrase and ask ourselves: What psychoanalyst do we love? Are there any parental figures (personal analyst, supervisor, teacher) involved and most important how are they involved during the training period as candidate? Read more

Keywords: fara

14 - Camelia Petcu, Commentaire à “Le psychanalyste, sa clinique et ses théories” de Roland Havas / Savca Victor

Abstract: This article is available in French only. Read more

Keywords: fara

15 - Simona Trifu, Commentary on “Contradictions et evolution dans la definition de la latence” by Radu Clit / Savca Victor

Abstract: Lucille is a child possessing a certain kind of emotional investment, a kind of total love that the latency period cannot nullify. Or, if we were to look at the same reality of emotions as in a mirror, we might wonder whether Lucille is choosing to remain in latency in order not to annul / to lose / to leave this type of loving. There are people who, even though later in their evolution into adulthood have known or will know many other forms of loving, choose / prefer / want / are considering themselves truly emotionally fulfilled in this kind of loving, in which the princeps attribute is their total emotional investment in the “now”, “here” and “in this object”. Read more

Keywords: fara

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