Abstract: The clinical reality that we come across in the classic psychoanalytic framework or in psychoanalytic consultations often brings to the fore moments when the patients use the framework as a tool of construction, one which develops at the disadvantage of the relationship with the psychoanalyst, as an attempt to restore the “original form”. There are moments when the patient brings into the analytical situation forms of manifestation of archaic experiences or of the traumatic potential, forms that belong to an unpsychized, potential time, a time that preserves the topicality of its expressions and the lack of elaboration regarding its contents. In this study, the analyst is viewed as the guardian of the framework, an instrument guaranteeing the success of the analytical process, who is subjected to a difficult test, one which involves finding ways of ensuring a space and enabling the elaboration, participation and involvement specific to the process of construction that is essentially based first and foremost on the strength of the framework. The difficulty of answering this challenge and finding solutions derives from the fact that, under these circumstances, what should be the support of the psychoanalytic labour becomes instead the main target of the patients’ attacks.

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